установка коньков (conky)

Решил вывести полезную информацию о системе на десктоп.
Для этого было решено использовать conky
Установил его командой

sudo apt-get install conky

далее надо было его отконфигкрировать
для этого создаем файл

touch ~/.conkyrc

И далее пишем там конфиг.
Для примера приведу свой:

# set to yes if you want Conky to be forked in the background
background no

cpu_avg_samples 2
net_avg_samples 2

out_to_console no

# X font when Xft is disabled, you can pick one with program xfontsel
#font 7x12
#font 6x10
#font 7x13
#font 8x13
#font 7x12
#font *mintsmild.se*
#font -*-*-*-*-*-*-34-*-*-*-*-*-*-*
#font -artwiz-snap-normal-r-normal-*-*-100-*-*-p-*-iso8859-1

# Use Xft?
use_xft yes

# Xft font when Xft is enabled
xftfont Bitstream Vera Sans Mono:size=8

own_window_transparent yes
own_window_hints undecorated,below,sticky,skip_taskbar,skip_pager
own_window_colour black
# Text alpha when using Xft
xftalpha 0.8

#on_bottom yes

# mail spool
mail_spool $MAIL

# Update interval in seconds
update_interval 1
# Create own window instead of using desktop (required in nautilus)
own_window yes

# Use double buffering (reduces flicker, may not work for everyone)
double_buffer yes

# Minimum size of text area
#minimum_size 280 5
#maximum_width 150

# Draw shades?
draw_shades no

# Draw outlines?
draw_outline no

# Draw borders around text
draw_borders no

# Stippled borders?
stippled_borders 10

# border margins
border_margin 4

# border width
border_width 1

# Default colors and also border colors
default_color green
default_shade_color green
default_outline_color green

# Text alignment, other possible values are commented
#alignment top_left
#minimum_size 10 10
gap_x 13
gap_y 13
alignment top_right
#alignment bottom_left
#alignment bottom_right

# Gap between borders of screen and text

# Add spaces to keep things from moving about? This only affects certain objects.
use_spacer no

# Subtract file system buffers from used memory?
no_buffers yes

# set to yes if you want all text to be in uppercase
uppercase no

# boinc (seti) dir
# seti_dir /opt/seti

# Possible variables to be used:
#
# Variable Arguments Description
# acpiacadapter ACPI ac adapter state.
# acpifan ACPI fan state
# acpitemp ACPI temperature.
# adt746xcpu CPU temperature from therm_adt746x
# adt746xfan Fan speed from therm_adt746x
# battery (num) Remaining capasity in ACPI or APM
# battery. ACPI battery number can be
# given as argument (default is BAT0).
# buffers Amount of memory buffered
# cached Amount of memory cached
# color (color) Change drawing color to color
# cpu CPU usage in percents
# cpubar (height) Bar that shows CPU usage, height is
# bar's height in pixels
# downspeed net Download speed in kilobytes
# downspeedf net Download speed in kilobytes with one
# decimal
# exec shell command Executes a shell command and displays
# the output in torsmo. warning: this
# takes a lot more resources than other
# variables. I'd recommend coding wanted
# behaviour in C and posting a patch :-).
# execi interval, shell Same as exec but with specific interval.
# command Interval can't be less than
# update_interval in configuration.
# fs_bar (height), (fs) Bar that shows how much space is used on
# a file system. height is the height in
# pixels. fs is any file on that file
# system.
# fs_free (fs) Free space on a file system available
# for users.
# fs_free_perc (fs) Free percentage of space on a file
# system available for users.
# fs_size (fs) File system size
# fs_used (fs) File system used space
# hr (height) Horizontal line, height is the height in
# pixels
# i2c (dev), type, n I2C sensor from sysfs (Linux 2.6). dev
# may be omitted if you have only one I2C
# device. type is either in (or vol)
# meaning voltage, fan meaning fan or temp
# meaning temperature. n is number of the
# sensor. See /sys/bus/i2c/devices/ on
# your local computer.
# kernel Kernel version
# loadavg (1), (2), (3) System load average, 1 is for past 1
# minute, 2 for past 5 minutes and 3 for
# past 15 minutes.
# machine Machine, i686 for example
# mails Mail count in mail spool. You can use
# program like fetchmail to get mails from
# some server using your favourite
# protocol. See also new_mails.
# mem Amount of memory in use
# membar (height) Bar that shows amount of memory in use
# memmax Total amount of memory
# memperc Percentage of memory in use
# new_mails Unread mail count in mail spool.
# nodename Hostname
# outlinecolor (color) Change outline color
# pre_exec shell command Executes a shell command one time before
# torsmo displays anything and puts output
# as text.
# processes Total processes (sleeping and running)
# running_processes Running processes (not sleeping),
# requires Linux 2.6
# shadecolor (color) Change shading color
# stippled_hr (space), Stippled (dashed) horizontal line
# (height)
# swapbar (height) Bar that shows amount of swap in use
# swap Amount of swap in use
# swapmax Total amount of swap
# swapperc Percentage of swap in use
# sysname System name, Linux for example
# time (format) Local time, see man strftime to get more
# information about format
# totaldown net Total download, overflows at 4 GB on
# Linux with 32-bit arch and there doesn't
# seem to be a way to know how many times
# it has already done that before torsmo
# has started.
# totalup net Total upload, this one too, may overflow
# updates Number of updates (for debugging)
# upspeed net Upload speed in kilobytes
# upspeedf net Upload speed in kilobytes with one
# decimal
# uptime Uptime
# uptime_short Uptime in a shorter format
#
# seti_prog Seti@home current progress
# seti_progbar (height) Seti@home current progress bar
# seti_credit Seti@hoome total user credit

# variable is given either in format $variable or in ${variable}. Latter
# allows characters right after the variable and must be used in network
# stuff because of an argument
#${font Dungeon:style=Bold:pixelsize=10}I can change the font as well
#${font Verdana:size=10}as many times as I choose
#${font Perry:size=10}Including UTF-8,
#${font Luxi Mono:size=10}justo como este texto que o google traduz fГЄz o portuguГЄs
# stuff after 'TEXT' will be formatted on screen
#${font Grunge:size=12}${time %a %b %d}${alignr -25}${time %k:%M}

TEXT

$nodename - $sysname $kernel on $machine
$stippled_hr
${color lightgrey}Uptime:$color $uptime ${color lightgrey}- Load:$color $loadavg
${color lightgrey}Temperature:${color green} $acpitemp
${color lightgray}Battery status: ${color green}$battery
${color lightgrey}CPU Usage:${color #5000a0} ${cpu}% ${cpubar}
${color green}${cpugraph 000000 5000a0}
${color lightgrey}RAM Usage:$color $mem/$memmax - $memperc% $membar
${color lightgrey}Swap Usage:$color $swap/$swapmax - $swapperc% ${swapbar}
${color lightgrey}Processes:$color $processes ${color grey}Running:$color $running_processes
$color$stippled_hr
${color lightgrey}Networking WLAN:
Down:${color #8844ee} ${downspeed wlan0} k/s${color lightgrey} ${offset 70}Up:${color #22ccff} ${upspeed wlan0} k/s
${color green}${downspeedgraph wlan0 32,150 ff0000 0000ff} $alignr${color green}${upspeedgraph wlan0 32,150 0000ff ff0000}
${color lightgrey}File systems:
/ $color${fs_used /}/${fs_size /} ${fs_bar /}
${color}Name PID CPU% MEM%
${color #ddaa00} ${top name 1} ${top pid 1} ${top cpu 1} ${top mem 1}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 2} ${top pid 2} ${top cpu 2} ${top mem 2}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 3} ${top pid 3} ${top cpu 3} ${top mem 3}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 4} ${top pid 4} ${top cpu 4} ${top mem 4}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 5} ${top pid 5} ${top cpu 5} ${top mem 5}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 6} ${top pid 6} ${top cpu 6} ${top mem 6}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 7} ${top pid 7} ${top cpu 7} ${top mem 7}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 8} ${top pid 8} ${top cpu 8} ${top mem 8}
${color lightgrey} ${top name 9} ${top pid 9} ${top cpu 9} ${top mem 9}
${color}Mem usage
${color #ddaa00} ${top_mem name 1} ${top_mem pid 1} ${top_mem cpu 1} ${top_mem mem 1}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 2} ${top_mem pid 2} ${top_mem cpu 2} ${top_mem mem 2}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 3} ${top_mem pid 3} ${top_mem cpu 3} ${top_mem mem 3}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 4} ${top_mem pid 4} ${top_mem cpu 4} ${top_mem mem 4}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 5} ${top_mem pid 5} ${top_mem cpu 5} ${top_mem mem 5}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 6} ${top_mem pid 6} ${top_mem cpu 6} ${top_mem mem 6}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 7} ${top_mem pid 7} ${top_mem cpu 7} ${top_mem mem 7}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 8} ${top_mem pid 8} ${top_mem cpu 8} ${top_mem mem 8}
${color lightgrey} ${top_mem name 9} ${top_mem pid 9} ${top_mem cpu 9} ${top_mem mem 9}

В нем в принципе раобраться не сложно. Так что оставлю это на ваше рассмотрение. Единственное сделаю несколько замечаний. Т.к. Не сразу получилось настроить шрифты и вывести его на рабочий стол (по стандартным методикам было вечное мерцание и пропадали иконки на десктопе)

Отменяем запуск в фоне.
# set to yes if you want Conky to be forked in the background
background no

запрещаем вывод в консоль
out_to_console no

разрешаем Xft
# Use Xft?
use_xft yes

устанавливаем Xft шрифт
# Xft font when Xft is enabled
xftfont Bitstream Vera Sans Mono:size=8

И теперь самое главное. Настройки типа окна.
own_window_transparent yes
own_window_hints undecorated,below,sticky,skip_taskbar,skip_pager
own_window_colour black

и добавляем двойной буфер
# Use double buffering (reduces flicker, may not work for everyone)
double_buffer yes

И теперь добавляем conky в автозапуск
Система->Параметры->Сеансы->Добавить
и вписываем там conky.

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